**Edit:**On 14 May 2014, The Malaysian Examination Council released a notice to declare that 956 Further Mathematics will be removed as a subject from STPM from 2015 onwards. The following information may not be relevant any more, but still, read it if you're interested.

**956 Further Mathematics**syllabus:

SEMESTER 1:Discrete Mathematics |
SEMESTER 2:Algebra & Geometry |
SEMESTER 3:Calculus |

1. Logic & Proofs1.1 Logic 1.2 Proofs |
7. Relations7.1 Relations 7.2 Binary Operations |
13. Hyperbolic & Inverse Hyperbolic Functions13.1 Hyperbolic & Inverse Hyperbolic Functions 13.2 Derivatives & Integrals |

2. Sets & Boolean Algebras 2.1 Sets 2.2 Boolean Algebras |
8. Groups8.1 Groups 8.2 Cyclic Groups 8.3 Permutation Groups 8.4 Isomorphism |
14. Techniques & Applications of Integration 14.1 Reduction Formulae 14.2 Improper Integrals 14.3 Applications of Integration |

3. Number Theory3.1 Divisibility 3.2 Congruences |
9. Eigenvalues & Eigenvectors 9.1 Eigenvalues & Eigenvectors 9.2 Diagonalisation |
15. Infinite Sequences & Series 15.1 Sequences 15.2 Series 15.3 Taylor Series |

4. Counting |
10. Vector Spaces10.1 Vector Spaces 10.2 Bases & Dimensions 10.3 Linear Transformations |
16. Differential Equations16.1 Linear Differential Equations 16.2 Numerical Solution of Differential Equations |

5. Recurrence Relations |
11. Plane Geometry11.1 Triangles 11.2 Circles 11.3 Collinear Points & Concurrent Lines |
17. Vector-valued Functions 17.1 Vector-valued functions 17.2 Derivatives & Integrals 17.3 Curvature 17.4 Motion in Space |

6. Graphs6.1 Graphs 6.2 Circuits & Cycles 6.3 Isomorphism |
12. Transformation Geometry |
18. Partial Derivatives18.1 Functions of 2 Variables 18.2 Partial Derivatives 18.3 Directional Derivatives 18.4 Extrema of Functions |

__WHAT HAPPENED TO THE CHAPTERS OF THE OLD FURTHER MATHEMATICS T?__

**Sections which had been moved over to the new Mathematics T:**

2. Augmented matrices, uniqueness of system of linear equation, Gaussian elimination

3. de Moivre’s theorem

4. Vector products

5. 3D coordinate geometry

6. Differentiation of inverse trigonometric functions

7. Integrating factor for differential equations

8. Maclaurin series

9. Entire Sampling & estimation chapter

10. Entire Hypothesis Testing chapter (exclude Type I & Type II errors)

11. Entire Chi-squared Tests chapter (exclude Yates correction)

I would say, the new STPM Mathematics T paper is more challenging. First of all it has 18 chapters compared to 16 last time, and even with 16, we could hardly finish our syllabus on time, I’m really curious how it can be done. Secondly, calculus is only taught in the second semester, when the physics students need it for their kinematics. I feel sorry for the physics teachers, they will need to teach some elementary calculus on top of their usual classes. But on the other hand, students should be glad that there’s now more statistics than before, as statistics are generally easier to score. That awful Analytical Geometry chapter is now given to the Further Mathematics students to suffer.

**Sections which had been moved over to the new Mathematics M:**

**1.**Entire

**Correlation & Regression**chapter

Actually it has been there all the while, because last time Further Mathematics T and Mathematics S share the same 2 chapters, this one and Sampling & Estimation. What I’m most impressed is that there is a whole new set of 5 to 6 chapters on financial mathematics. Good or bad, I’m not sure, but definitely the workload will be greater.

**Chapters which remained in the new Further Mathematics paper:**

**1. Logic & Proof.**Everything’s the same, except that now you need to know how to use the rules of inferences.

**2. Number Theory**. This time the syllabus explicitly states that you are definitely required to now how to use the Chinese remainder theorem and Fermat’s little theorem.

**3. Recurrence Relations**. Still the same, as hard as before.

**4. Graphs**. In addition to before, you are required to know what are regular graphs and planar graphs. You are also explicitly told to study isomorphism of graphs too.

**5. Eigenvalues & Eigenvectors**. Now you are told explicitly that you should know how to diagonalize a matrix. The rest still applies.

**6. Transformation Geometry**. It seems you are supposed to use 3 × 3 matrices this time. Rotations in 3D can be really confusing, seriously.

**7. Hyperbolic & Inverse Hyperbolic Functions**. Now that they took inverse trigonometric functions into Maths T, this chapter is only left with the hyperbolics.

**Chapters with major modifications that remain in Further Mathematics:**

**1. Techniques & Applications of Integration**. Reduction formulae, length of arc, surface area of revolution are still here. But now there’s more: you learn improper integrals (integrals with infinite limit or discontinuous integrands) and you learn how to use calculus in polar coordinates.

**2. Infinite Sequence & Series**. You still can’t run away from that remainder theorem. But now there’s more: you are explicitly told that you need use L’Hospital’s rule (read as ‘lo-pi-ters’), and probably D’Alembert’s ratio as well. You learn the p-series, harmonic seris and alternating series. Harder than before.

**3. Differential Equations**. You are now explicitly told that you need to know how to transform an unsolvable differential equation into a 2nd order differential equation, with substitution. besides, now you are required to use Taylor series to help you to find numerical solutions. Euler’s method is new too.

__NEW STUFF IN THE NEW FURTHER MATHEMATICS PAPER!__

**1. Sets & Boolean Algebras**

You probably already know what sets are. In fact, this sets thingy came from the old Maths T, so I don’t think you’ll have any problem with it. Boolean algebra is interesting. It works with only 2 numbers: 1 and 0, true and false. It is the fundamentals of logic gates, and has some similarity with logic. Not hard, don’t worry.

**2. Counting**

This chapter contains some advanced combination & permutation techniques. If you have a hard time doing logic, this will be harder. Pigeonhole principle is interesting too, but the generalized one might confuse you. Put some effort into it.

**3. Relations**

This chapter is about relationships, how do two numbers, variables relate to one another. They have their own new notations, so you have to get used to it, and it is more on memorizing and proofing. I’m not sure about binary operations though. It’s some calculations involving 2 operands, you might want to check it out further.

**4. Groups**

Guess what, I just learned this in my second year of university! You study about the different types of groups, abelian, cyclic, permutation etc. Not hard, trust me, just need to know what they are, and able to prove them, and play around with their tables. Lots of definitions.

**5. Vector Spaces**

This is another one chapter, which is also from second year linear algebra. You will be surprised that the word ‘vector’ doesn’t necessarily mean a bracket with 3 numbers in it. You will need to know what it takes to be a vector, even integrals, polynomial expressions can be vectors too! All the best to you guys, especially when it comes to change of basis. I am still confused with that, as of now.

**6. Plane Geometry**

Not really new actually, this is another chapter that came from Maths T, except that you learn a few new theorems, Apollonius’, Ptolemy’s, Menelaus’ and Ceva’s theorem. I can imagine you talking in alien language to your classmates about these theorems, and they will probably worship you as a Mathematics God or something.

**7. Vector-valued Functions**

This is not hard, trust me. Just imagine putting 3 different algebraic expressions in the 3 columns of a vector, and it is a vector-valued function. Now your function has a direction, it is not a scalar anymore. You differentiate it, integrate it as usual. But curvature may be new, even I didn’t learn that either. Motion in space is not hard, it was from the old Maths T syllabus, just change the variables from x to t, differentiate them you get velocity and acceleration.

**8. Partial Derivatives**

Ever wondered how do you differentiate stuff if there are more than 3 variables? Yes, you partial differentiate them, with respect to one variable at a time. Partial derivatives is the starting of multivariable calculus, you should be glad that the double integrals and triple integrals are not in your syllabus. You realise that in a 3 dimensional world, differentiation in different directions end up differently. You find the extrema of function of 2 variables using the Lagrange multiplier. This is just the start of the ‘real stuff’ that calculus is all about!

I’m a quite excited to see how the new Further Mathematics students will do in STPM. Seriously, if you can score A for this paper, I will call you a GENIUS! I’ve no idea what is the Malaysian government trying to do with your brain, but if you really master this paper, you’re really the man. You deserve full respect from me. Do your best and have no regrets, all your hard work will be worthwhile. ☺

hope you'll find time to update the new syllabus

ReplyDeleteI do hope so, but I don't think I have time. I hope for some enthusiastic junior who will pick up the job, and I'll definitely refer him/her from this site!

Deletei cant find any resources of the Plane Geometry (the new syllabus one)

DeleteHi Johnivan. Do you know any tutors in KL that you can recommend to us? Thank you.

ReplyDeleteHi Mystic, unfortunately no, I don't know of any tutors (not only in KL, but also anywhere else), sorry I couldn't help. :(

Delete